The Myth of Rhodes: Complete Bibliography

A complete list of references cited in all articles and features across the report. See here for Dr Ian Forrest’s guide to resources on Rhodes, the history of southern Africa, and the contextualisation of ‘difficult histories’. Copies of all the Facebook posts cited in the report can be found on The Poor Print here.


Rhodes: his life, his context
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes: a Perspective

Magubane, Bernard M. (1996). The Making of a Racist State: British Imperialism and the Union of South Africa, 1875–1910. Trenton, New Jersey: Africa World Press.

Entry on ‘Cecil Rhodes’ in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Shula Marks and Stanley Trapido, 2004. Online on SOLO.)

The Guardian‘s 1902 obituary of Cecil Rhodes.

News24: ‘Rhodes: As divisive in death as in life’ (Sipho Masondo, 22/03/15).

Primary sources on Rhodes:

  • Cecil Rhodes, ‘Confessions of Faith’ (1877) – an online copy can be found here.
  • Rhodes’s Speech on the Second Rereading of the Glen Grey Act to the Cape House Parliament on July 30 1894, of which a transcript can be found here.

Modern opinion pieces cited in the report:


The Rhodes Scholars
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes: a Perspective

See The History of the University of Oxford: Volume VII: Nineteenth-Century Oxford, Part 2, ed. M. G. Brock and M. C. Curthoys. (Online here on SOLO.) Chapter 29 by E. T. Williams is entitled ‘The Rhodes Scholars’.

Also see the website for Rhodes House.


How to contextualise Rhodes?
Main article in the report: ‘Putting Rhodes in His Place

English Heritage often faces issues around contextualising historic buildings. For more information on the two mentioned in ‘Putting Rhodes in His Place’, see:

See also ‘The Slavery Connections of Marble Hill House‘, a 2008 report by Dr Laurence Brown commissioned by Historic England.


The Oriel statue and its inscription
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes: a Perspective

See ‘Oxford Inscriptions: Cecil Rhodes statue on Rhodes Building‘, part of ‘History on the Streets of Oxford’ (an online project by Stephanie Jenkins compiling the history of the town).


Rhodes Must Fall (University of Cape Town)
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes Must Fall: a Timeline

News reports cited:

Vice-Chancellor’s statement on eviction of students from the Bremner building (Dr Max Price, 10/04/15).


Rhodes Must Fall (University of Cape Town): selected Facebook posts
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes Must Fall: a Timeline

A collection of RMF UCT’s statements can be found externally here on the website of the Johannesburg Workshop of Theory and Criticism. The Facebook posts referenced in The Poor Print‘s report were:


Rhodes Must Fall in Oxford: news reports cited
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes Must Fall: a Timeline

Cherwell: ‘Rhodes Must Fall protests at matriculation’ (George Hames, 24/10/15).

Cherwell: RMF to protest at Oriel following Rhodes statue petition’ (Kim Darrah, 07/11/15).

Cherwell: ‘Rhodes Must Fall protest outside Oriel’ (Luke Barratt, 07/11/15).

Cherwell: ‘Oriel releases RMF statement’ (Daniel Sutton, 17/12/15).

The Telegraph: ‘Removal of Rhodes statue “could be blocked due to its historical interest”’ (Javier Espinoza, 19/12/15).

Cherwell: ‘Global politicians wade into RMF debate’ (Jack Schofield, 27/12/15).

The Times: ‘Rhodes statue is protected by planning rules’ (Neil Johnston and Greg Hurst, 09/01/16).

The Guardian: ‘Cecil Rhodes statue row: Chris Patten tells students to embrace freedom of thought’ (Damien Gayle and Nadia Khomami, 13/01/16).

Cherwell

Majority of Oxford students: Rhodes should stay’ (Harry Gosling, 14/01/16).

Cherwell: ‘RMF win Union debate by slim margin’ (Daniel Kodsi, 19/01/16).

Cherwell: ‘Univ JCR votes to rename IT room’ (Daniel Sutton, 22/01/16).

New York Times: ‘Oxford University Will Keep Statue of Cecil Rhodes‘ (Stephen Castle, 29/01/16).

The Telegraph: ‘Cecil Rhodes statue to remain at Oxford  University after alumni threaten to withdraw millions’ (Javier Espinoza, 29/01/16). N.B. Oriel College strongly disputes the narrative in this article.

Cherwell: ‘St Anne’s Common Rooms debate RMF’ (Daniel Kodsi, 30/01/16).

The Guardian: ‘“Take it down!”: Rhodes Must Fall campaign marches through Oxford’ (Jessica Elgot, 09/03/16).

Cherwell: ‘RMF members disrupt Rhodes contextualisation meeting’ (Harry Gosling, 03/06/16).

Cherwell: ‘Rhodes Must Fall campaigners demonstrate outside Oriel open day’ (Ellen Peirson-Hagger, 01/07/17).

Cherwell: ‘Rhodes Must Fall return to protest outside Oriel’ (Jack Hunter, 02/12/16).

BBC: ‘Joshua Nott: Rhodes Must Fall activist wins Rhodes scholarship‘ (24/01/17).


Oriel College: statements on Rhodes Must Fall
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes Must Fall: a Timeline

A copy of the 17/12/15 statement can be found at politicsweb.

Statement on 28/01/16.


Rhodes Must Fall in Oxford: Facebook posts cited
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes Must Fall: a Timeline

#RHODESMUSTFALL Solidarity Action: an event organised by Annie Teriba and Bi Ko on 19/03/15. (Annie Teriba would later become prominently associated with Rhodes Must Fall.) Copy on The Poor Print here.

Oxford Union ‘Colonial Comeback’ controversy (31/05/15). A copy of the Facebook post can be found on The Poor Print here.

OXFORD UNION ACKNOWLEDGES THAT IT IS INSTITUTIONALLY RACIST. WILL OXFORD UNIVERSITY DO THE SAME? RHODES MUST FALL OXFORD PRESS RELEASE’ (02/06/15). Copy on The Poor Print here.


Rhodes Must Fall in Oxford: website articles cited
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes Must fall: a Timeline

The website for Rhodes Must Fall in Oxford can be found here. Cited in the report were two open letters following high-profile interventions into the campaign to have Oriel’s statue removed. These letters were:


Oxford Union debate on reparations to former colonies
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes Must Fall: a Timeline

The Independent: ‘Dr Shashi Tharoor tells the Oxford Union why Britain owes reparations for colonising India in viral speech’ (Doug Bolton, 22/07/15).


Historic England
Main article in the report: ‘Rhodes Must Fall: a Timeline

The website for Historic England explains their activities, funding and governance.


Safe spaces, no-platforming, freedom of speech
Main article in the report: ‘Safe Spaces and Student Protest

The Change.org petition against Germaine Greer’s Cardiff University lecture.

Guardian news reports:

Other news articles:

Opinion pieces:


Iconography campaigns elsewhere, and the commemoration of the past
Main article in the report: ‘Iconography campaigns: a global perspective

BBC: ‘Oxford Rhodes statue row is part of global protest’ (Sean Coughlan, 29/01/16).

Churchill:

Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa:

University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: IOL News: ‘UKZN statue row rages on’ (Sihle Mlambo and Mphathi Nxumalo, 27/03/15).

Harvard University, Boston, US:

Amherst College, Massachusetts, US:

Princeton University, New Jersey, US:

Yale University, New Haven, US: YaleNews: ‘Yale to change Calhoun College’s name to honor Grace Mary Hopper’ (11/02/17).

Cambridge University, UK: The Guardian: ‘Benin bronze row: Cambridge college removes cockerel’ (Sally Weale, 08/03/16).

The history of the Codrington library: BBC: ‘Slavery and the Building of Britain’ (James Walvin, 17/02/11).

Bristol University, UK: The Telegraph: ‘Students inspired by Rhodes Must Fall campaign demand Bristol University change name of Wills Tower over “slave trade” links’ (Harry Yorke, 28/03/17).

Spain: The Independent: ‘Spain getting rid of streets named after fascist leaders, dedicating them to women instead’ (Will Worley, 04/12/16).

Austria: BBC: ‘Hitler house in Austria to be demolished after long row’ (17/10/16).


Miscellaneous other opinion pieces/features cited in the report

Media Diversified: ‘University of Oxford: Still the intellectual heart of the British Empire?‘ (Natalya Din-Kariuki, 09/06/15).

Guardian feature: ‘Empire state of mind – why do so many people think colonialism was a good thing?‘ (20/01/16).


All links operational at time of publication. The Poor Print takes no responsibility for the accuracy of content on other sites, but every effort has been made to find reputable sources.

The Poor Print

The Oriel College Newspaper. Run by students, with contributions from the JCR, MCR, and SCR & Staff. Current Executive Editors: Tom Davy, Joanna Engle and Chris Hill

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